Limitation of psychological defense on the formation of students’ time perspective
The purpose of the research is to determine the peculiaritiesof the formation of students’ time perspectiveof life given the intensity of the systematic applicationof various psychological defense mechanisms. Methods.42 students participated in the research. Standardizedtest methods were used to collect empirical data.Cluster analysis, correlation analysis, and Mann-WhitneyU-test contributed to the quantitative processingof empirical material. Results. It was found that studentswith a low tolerance for stress in terms of balance(U= 137.00; p=.049) and self-control (U=.001;p<.001) are more prone to systematic actualizationof the psychological defense of substitution, regression,and rationalization. It is determined that the systematicuse of psychological defense in students is associatedwith temporal orientations as follows: substitution correlateswith the past negative (Rs=.331; p=.033), fatalisticpresent (Rs=.309; p=.046), and future (Rs=-.314;p=.043); regression correlates with the past negative(Rs=.387; p=.011), present fatalistic (Rs=.374; p=.015), present hedonistic (Rs=.422; p=.005), and future (Rs=-.376; p=.014); rationalization correlates with the future(Rs=.444; p=.003). There were also direct links betweenthe denial of reality and the present hedonistic (Rs=.485;p=.001) with protective compensation and the fatalisticpresent (Rs=.456; p=.002). The findings indicatethat the study group lacks connections between temporalcompetence and the use of psychological defensemechanisms. At the same time, temporal competenceis inversely related to students’ orientation on the pastnegative (Rs=-.325; p=.036). Conclusions. Students’systematic application of the psychological defenseof substitution, regression, denial, and compensationis associated with time orientations on the past negative,present hedonistic, fatalism and shiftlessnesstoward current efforts in building the future. Students’active use of protective rationalization corresponds totheir natural orientation toward the future. However, itdoes not contribute to the complete of the componentsof the psychological time structure. Students’ systematicapplication of psychological defense mechanismsis not in line with their temporal competence.
Bajec, B. (2019). Relationship Between Time Perspective and Time Management Behaviours. PSIHOLOGIJA, 52(2), 197-215. https://doi.org/10.2298/PSI170831036B
Cheban, Yu. V., Chebykin, O. Ya., Plokhikh, V. V., & Massanov, A. V. (2020). Emotional and volitional potential of self-mobilization in the organization of time perspective activity of highly qualified rowing athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (SI 6), 3128-3137. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.s6424
Cramer, P. (2003). Defense Mechanisms and Physiological Reactivity to Stress. Journal of Personality, 71, 221-244. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.7102001
Frankl, V. (2012). Chelovek v poiskakh smysla [Man in search of meaning]. Zaporozhe: Big-Press [in Russian]
Giuseppe, M., Gemignani, A., & Conversano, С. (2020). Psychological resources against the traumatic experience of COVID-19. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 17(2), 85-87. https://doi.org/10.36131/CN20200210
Granovskaia, R. M., & Bereznaia, I. Ia. (2020). Intuitsiia i iskusstvennyi intellekt [Intuition and artificial intelligence]. Kh.: Gumanitarnyi tsentr [in Russian]
Hulias, I. A., & Hoian, I. M. (2022). Explication of factors of the axiopsychological design of life achievements of modern youth. Insight: the psychological dimensions of society, 7, 41-57. https://doi.org/10.32999/2663-970X/2022-7-4
Plokhikh, V., Popovych, I., Koval, I., Stepanenko, L., Nosov, P., Zinchenko, S., Boiaryn, L., & Zavatskyi, V. (2022). Anticipatory Resource of Temporary Regulation of Sensorimotor Action. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 13(2), 01-21 https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/13.2/328
Plokhikh, V., & Suponeva, L. (2021). Psykholohichni zakhysty v orhanizatsii chasovoi perspektyvy studentiv v umovakh COVID-obmezhen [Psychological defense in the organization of the time perspective of students under COVID-restrictions]. Nauka i osvita – Science and education, 3, 12-21. https://doi.org/10.24195/2414-4665-2021-3-2 [in Ukraine]
Popovych, I. S., & Blynova, O. Ye. (2019). The Structure, Variables and Interdependence of the Factors of Mental States of Expectations in Students’ Academic and Professional Activities. The New Educational Review, 55(1), 293-306. https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2019.55.1.24
Popovych, I., Chervinska, I., Kazibekova, V., Vasylyk, V., Verbeschuk, S., & Gniezdilova, V. (2022). Young athletes’ time perspective as a factor in the development of sports motivation. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 22(10), 2427-2435. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2022.10310
Popovych, I., Blynova, O., Savchuk, O., Zasenko, V., & Prokhorenko, L. (2020). Expectations of a winning result in women’s handball team: comparison of different age groups. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(5), 2709-2717. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.05369
Przepiorka, A., Siu, N. Y., Szcześniak, M., Timoszyk‑Tomczak, C., Le, J. J., & Muсoz, M. P. (2020). The Relation Between Personality, Time Perspective and Positive Orientation in Chile, Hong Kong, and Poland. Journal of Happiness Studies, 21, 1081-1101. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-019-00113-x
Simonenko, V. B., Magaeva, S. V., & Fisun, A. Ya. (2013). Psihosomaticheskij faktor v iskhodah ekstremal’nyh situacij [Psychosomatic factor in ascending extreme situations]. (2d ed). M.: BINOM [in Russian].
Authors who publish with scientific journal agree to the following terms:
• All scientific papers may be freely copied and distributed on any medium and in any format, provided that the references to the initial data of the scientific work are indicated.
• Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed Creative Commons Attribution License .
• Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non- exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (institutional repository, your website, monograph), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.