The structural and functional model of the professional readaptation of the internally displaced persons

  • Vitalii Yosypovych Bocheliuk
  • Mykyta Serhiiovych Panov
Keywords: unemployed, structural and functional model, forced migration, social readaptation, block

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to develop and substantiate the structural and functional model of the professional readaptation of unemployed inter­nally displaced persons. Methods. In the course of the study, the authors use a complex of methods, in particular, the analysis of legislative and regula­tory documents which prescribe the rights and duties of internally displaced persons, scholarly literature dealing with the subject-matter of the article to iden­tify the development status of the issue concerned and methodological and theoretical fundamentals of the research; generalization and systematization to draw the conclusions; modeling to create the struc­tural and functional model. To perform the correc­tional and rehabilitation activity with unemployed belonging to the category of internally displaced per­sons effectively, the authors have chosen the methods which present the psychosocial model of rehabilita­tion (N. Sardzhveladze), the Nonviolent Communica­tion model (M. Rosenberg) and psychosocial model of resilience development (M. Euwema). Results. In the process of creating the structural and functional model of the professional readaptation of unem­ployed internally displaced persons, it was formu­lated the three-level concept: the methodological level which elucidates the interrelations of scientific approaches in resolving the issue of concern; the the­oretical level involves taking into account of advances of the contemporary psychology on the area of social readaptation; the practical level stipulates the develop­ment of conceptual and procedural support of the cor­rectional and rehabilitation activity. The elaborated structural and functional model contains the follow­ing components, which have direct functional rela­tions: purpose, content, tools and methods, expected result. The model consists of purposeful (purpose and tasks), theoretical-methodological (methodolog­ical approaches, general scientific and specific prin­ciples), conceptual-activity (content, forms, methods, means of professional readaptation) and criteria-per­formance (complex methods of diagnostics, criteria, indicators and levels of professional readaptation) blocks. Conclusions. The article develops and justifies the structural and functional model of the professional readaptation of unemployed internally displaced per­sons. The positional layout of its components, first, demonstrates the consistency of problem solution and, second, the reasoning of execution of correctional and rehabilitation activities. The research proves that interaction and interrelations of the formed and described blocks guarantee the cohesiveness, functionality and effectiveness of the proposed model of professional readaptation of internally displaced persons. The model also focuses on the optimiza­tion of the practical activity of experts who mentor the mentioned category of citizens.

References

1. Аксенченко К. Б. Соціально-психологічні чинники професійної реадаптації безробітних в умовах сучасного соціуму: автореф. дис. ... канд. псих. наук: 19.00.05 / Східноукр. нац. ун-т ім. В. Даля. Сєвєродонецьк, 2018. 21 с.
2. Баклицький І.О. Психологія праці. Київ: Знання, 2008. 316 с.
3. Блинова О. Є. Соціально-психологічна адаптація вимушених мігрантів: підходи і проблеми вивчення феномена акультурації. Науковий вісник Херсонського державного університету. Серія: Психологічні науки. 2016. Вип. 3 (1). С. 111–117.
4. Дроздова И. И. Проблемы и методы организации психологической помощи вынужденным мигрантам (из опыта работы психолога общественной организации). Социально- психологическая адаптация мигрантов в современном мире: матер. III Междунар. науч.- практ. конф. Пенза: Изд-во ПГУ, 2016. С. 60–64.
5. Eувема M. Психологічний розвиток дітей та молоді. Київ: “ЛХСІ”, 2016. 284 с.
6. Gajda J. Social and Professional Adaptation of Employees as a Main Factor in Shaping Working Conditions. Journal of US-China Public/Administration, October 2015, Vol. 12, №10, PP. 789–795.
7. Maslow A. H. A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 1943, Vol. 50, №4, PP. 370-396.
8. May R. The Meaning of Anxiety. N.Y.: Pocket Books, 1977. 234s.
9. Орбан-Лембрик Л. Вплив міграційних процесів на поведінкові прояви особистості. Збірник наукових праць: філософія, соціологія, психологія. 2008. Вип. 13. Ч. 1, С. 3 – 15.
10. Rogers C. R. Counseling and psychotherapy. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, 1942. 236 с.
11. Розенберг М. Язык жизни. Ненасильственное общение. Москва: Изд-во София, 2009. 248 с.
12. Саpджвеладзе Н. Травма и психологическая помощь. Москва6 Смысл, 2007. 268 с.
13. Шумейко А.П. Види реадаптації і психореабілітації учасників бойових дій. Проблеми екстремальної і кризової психології. 2017. №21, С. 220-229.
14. Yalom I. (1980). Existential psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books. 322 s.
Published
2020-07-24
Pages
84-96
Section
3. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY OF SOCIAL WORK